A coordinate system is a two-dimensional number line, for
example, two perpendicular number lines or axes.
This is a typical coordinate system:
The horizontal axis is called the x-axis and the vertical axis
is called the y-axis
The center of the coordinate system (where the lines intersect)
is called the origin. The axes intersect when both x and y are
zero. The coordinates of the origin are (0, 0).
An ordered pair contains the coordinates of one point in the
coordinate system. A point is named by its ordered pair of the form
of (x, y). The first number corresponds to the x-coordinate and the
second to the y-coordinate.
To graph a point, you draw a dot at the coordinates that
corresponds to the ordered pair. It's always a good idea to start
at the origin. The x-coordinate tells you how many steps you have
to take to the right (positive) or left (negative) on the x-axis.
And the y-coordinate tells you have many steps to move up
(positive) or down (negative) on the y-axis.
The ordered pair (3, 4) is found in the coordinate system when
you move 3 steps to the right on the x-axis and 4 steps upwards on
The ordered pair (-7, 1) is found in the coordinate system when
you move 7 steps to the left on the x-axis and 1 step upwards on
To find out the coordinates of a point in the coordinate system
you do the opposite. Begin at the point and follow a vertical line
either up or down to the x-axis. There is your x-coordinate. And
then do the same but following a horizontal line to find the
Video lesson: Draw the following ordered pairs
in a coordinate plane (0, 0) (3, 2) (0, 4) (3, 6) (6, 9) (4, 0)