Earlier in this chapter we have expressed linear equations using
the standard form Ax + By = C. Now we're going to show another way
of expressing linear equations by using the slope-intercept form y
= mx + b.
In the slope-intercept form you use the slope of the line and
the y-intercept to express the linear function.
Where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept.
Graph the equation
rewrite in slope-intercept form
Identify the slope and the y-intercept
m = 2 and b = 1
Plot the point corresponding to the y-intercept, (0,1)
The m-value, the slope, tells us that for each step to the right
on the x-axis we move 2 steps upwards on the y-axis (since m =
And once you have your second point you can just draw a line
through the two points and extend it in both directions.
You can check to see that the line you've drawn is the correct
one by substituting the coordinates of the second point into the
original equation. If the equation holds true than the second point
Our second point = (1, 3)
Our second point is a solution to the equation i.e. the line we
drew is correct.
A line that passes through the origin has a y-intersect of zero,
b = 0, and represents a direct variation.
In a direct variation the nonzero number m is called the
constant of variation.
You can name a function, f by using the function notion
f(x) is another name for y and is read as "the value of f at x"
or "f of x". You can use other letters than f to name
A group of functions that have similar characteristics are
called a family of functions. All functions that can be written on
the form f(x) = mx + b belong to the family of linear
The most basic function in a family of functions is called the
parent function. The parent function of all linear functions is
Videolesson: Graph y = 3x - 2